辛亥革命，是为纪念辛亥革命•武昌首义100周年而兴建的一座专题 。项目位于武汉市武昌区首义广场南侧，与武昌起义军政府旧址（红楼）、孙中山铜像、黄兴拜将台纪念碑、烈士祠牌坊等串联成首义广场炫目的文化符号。辛亥革命博物馆设有1个序厅、5个基本陈列展厅和1个多功能展厅，集陈列展示、文物收藏、宣传教育与科学研究等功能于一体，是现有辛亥革命专题博物馆中展览规模最大、陈列科技含量最高、复原场景最多、参观导览系统最全的博物馆。辛亥革命博物馆 造型新颖、独特，复杂程度高，在实施过程中不断研究创新，克服系列困难，完整的实现 创意。
↑ 主入口侧透视 Side Perspective of the Main Entrance
1911 Revolution Museum is a themed museum built to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Revolution of 1911 Shouyi, Wuchang.
Located at the south side of Shouyi Square, Wuchang District, Wuhan, the Museum, together with the former address of Wuchang Uprising Military
Government (the Red Building), the Bronze Statue of Sun Yat-sen, the Commander Title Granting Monument and the Martyrs Memorial Archway, constitute the sparkling cultural symbols of Shouyi Square.
1911 Revolution Museum, consisting of a lobby, 5 exhibition halls and 1 multi-functional exhibition hall, integrates together functions of display, cultural relics collection, publicity, education and scientific research. It is the museum enjoying the largest scale, best display technology, most reproduced scenes and most complete visiting guide system among all the museums themed with the Revolution of 1911.
1911 Revolution Museum shows innovative, unique and highly complex architectural design. Researches and innovation were made during the construction period, difficulties were overcome one by one and finally the architectural ideas were realized completely.
↑ 全景图 Bird view
↑ 总平面图 Master Plan
Prominent Comprehensive Social Effects
1911 Revolution Museum, with construction started in August 2009 and finished in September 2011, was open to the public for free since October 2011 and has attracted accumulatively 1,360,000 visitors. It is not only the new cultural landmark of Shouyi Square, but also an important window for visitors at home and abroad to appreciate the Wuhan culture and feel the charms of Wuhan. The primary exhibits of the Museum—–The History of the Revolution of 1911—-The Foundation of the Republic, is made up of five parts: China in the late Qing Dynasty, Origin of the Revolution, the First Uprising in Wuchang, the Establishment of the Republic and the Century since 1911. With the display of 428 pieces/sets of relics, 694 historic photos, 27 reproduced scenes of significant historical events, 12 pieces of artwork and 20 multimedia exhibits relating to the Revolution of 1911, the Museum demonstrates the historicalchanges of the revolution and the outstanding achievements of this “republic” foundation of China, in a multi-angle and profound way.
↑ 西南侧透视 Perspective of the Southwest
↑ 序厅 Lobby
↑ 展厅 Exhibition Hall
Interactive and Open Public Space
Corresponding to the partially receding north side of the Red Building, the Museum and the U-shaped Red Building complex form an spatial enclosure and a interactive relation in form, indicating the historical echo and correspondence for the last century. No effort is spared to build the Museum into a friendly and open public space.The connectivity of the buildings enables the extension and access to the southern and northern axis of the cultural area of Shouyi. Stepping along the stairs, citizens can go through the Museum, enjoying the closer relation with the architecture, and the closer relation between the architecture and the city.
↑ 从红楼看博物馆 Museum viewed from the Red Building
↑ 南入口正透视 Front Perspective of the South Entrance
↑ 二层平台局部 2F Terrace
↑ 二层平台廊桥局部 Lounge Bridge on the 2F Terrace
Unity of Architectural Structure
Highly Unified Form and Structure
Folded plates and steel frame structure were adopted. The triangular batter posts on the building exterior act not only as the support of the outer curtain wall, but also the vertical support of the building. This unified design forms the regular but pillar-less exhibition hall and public space and finally achieves the perfect unity between architecture and structure.
↑ 西南侧透视 Perspective of the Southwes
↑ 西北侧透视 Perspective of the Northwest
↑ 主入口正透视 Front Perspective of the Main Entrance
Appropriate Spatial Structure Design
As for the folded plates and steel frame components, control line together with node detailing were used, which saved 45 days for the construction of the steel structure. Interconnected welded joints were used to connect all the folded plates and steel structure to form the space, which saved the construction period as well as the cost by RMB 1,800,000 compared with the cast iron joints.
The Wall Made of Light Plates
In order to create the naturally carved texture, GRC plates are used for the inner and outer wall, with area reaching 11,000m2. This GRC outer wall, with large scale, consistent but irregular surface texture, maximum bump reaching 25cm and distinct sculptural style, is by now the first in China. Compared withtraditional natural stone, the material used here is feature large size, rich and adjustable colors. Furthermore, it guarantees the continuity of the irregular texture and thus better expresses the spirits and special artistic atmosphere of the building.
Energy-saving Low-carbon Building Material
GRC plats are made of environment-friendly renewable materials, that is, abandoned rock powder and ballast. The light weight and high performance greatly reduce the usage of concrete; the low-carbon and environment-friendly features make it better comply with the “resource-saving and eco-friendly society” spirit. Compared with the dry-hanging marble outer wall, GRC plates reduce the structural member size. According to statistics, the Museum has saved totally about 300m³ concrete and about 160t steel.
↑ 主入口局部 Part of the Main Entrance
↑ 二层观众休息区 Rest Area
↑ 二层观众休息厅 Lounge (2F)
↑ (left)内部交通 Internal Route (right) 三楼缅怀区 Commemoration Area of 3F
Here is more information form the Architects
The Planning Enhances the Urban Environment
Culture Corridor and Triangular Composition
In combination with the urban and scenic culture, a culture corridor, made up of the Yellow Crane Tower and the Snake Mount Battery in the shape of
regular triangle finally takes shape. The regular triangle itself reminds people of the positive and progressive attitude, which corresponds to the spirit of the
Revolution of 1911.
The Architecture Inherits Regional Culture
Carry forward the Shouyi Spirit
1911 Revolution Museum, with unique outline design, blends the traditional architectural elements of China with the modern architectural features. The
high-platform big-roof structure perfectly illustrates the “double roof” and the “overhanging eaves” of Chinese architecture; the geometrically uprising
outer wall implies the first-uprising spirit of “dare to be the first”, the triangular architectural motif brings positive and innovative implication to the
architecture, indicating the success of the First Uprising in Wuchang.
Create Historical Atmosphere
With shapes in sculptural style, the building gives “resolute, steadfast, tall and strong” visual impression. The outer wall, with the naturally carved and
weathered textures, brings the artistic effect of “breaking through the soil, taking shape naturally” in the architecture and finally creates a profound historic
atmosphere, making the Museum coexist harmoniously with the Snake Mount, the Red Building and the old downtown of Wuchang.
Reproduce the Chu State’s Charm
With the outer wall in red and the foundation in black, the building reflects not only the comparison between the “revolution” and “darkness” of the Museum,
but also the “red” and “black” tone of the classical architecture in the ancient Chu State. The primary tone “red” corresponds to the color of the Red Building.
The Space Narrates the Historical Event
A Journey of Experience
Spatial narration method is used in the design, trying to tell the start, development, climax and end of the special historical event—the Revolution of 1911, to
the public through the architectural language. Stepping down 5.4m from outside to enter the lobby, the visitors go through the noise-quietness—thoughts
spiritual experience. The whole entrance lobby is located under the gentle slope, creating intentionally the dark governance and the great blood-shed
atmosphere before the Revolution; walking upwards and entering the 2nd floor, the visitors may feel the hard spiral course of the Revolution; the exhibition
hall and the outdoor display area introduce the natural light into the indoor space, creating a “there is another unexpected hope”; feeling. Visitors then will
feel the explosion and unexpected changes of the Revolution; the 3rd floor is the highest part of the Museum, with an open terrace at the south side which
enables you to look into the whole South Square and the Ziyang Lake and feel the endless glory of the Revolution when it reaches the climax. Visitors “look
along the journey and feel in the heart” during the visit and their inner world will be sublimated. The process of visiting the Museum is also a journey of soul
Appropriate Technology—Green and Energy-saving
Green and energy-saving technologies appropriate to local climate was used. Central air-conditioner is powered by the frequency-conversion integrated
refrigeration station. Here, the combination of maglev and all frequency conversion is the first in China and it has effectively reduced the energy
consumption of the building. The refrigeration system in the building has further saved energy by 50% when compared to the published energy-saving
Comprehensive Application of Digital Technology
The splayed outer wall on the north side of the Museum is designed in irregular polygonal shape and made up of a variety of triangle folded plates with
different shapes and sizes. This complicated spatial structure can hardly be designed accurately with conventional design tools and methods.
The difficulty of “3D space” brought by the irregular shape and unrepeated outer wall blocks of the building is solved by using 3D design software RHINO,
REVIT, CATIA, NAVISWORKS and TEKLA and through the integration by BIM technology and accurate 3D positioning of each block was realized finally.
What’s more, by making use of the advantage that 3D model is easy to visualize, the difficulty in complex space in design was solved.
Total land area: about 14.6 hectares
Total floor area: 22,138m2, including 15,984m2 aboveground and 6,154m2 underground (2,089m2 underground garage). In which, the floor area of the
Museum is 20,034m2.
The Museum consists of totally 4 stories, 1 underground (5.4m floor height) and 3 aboveground (floor height: 7.2m, 7.2m and 6.6m)
Total height of the building: 22.5m
Designed in 2008 and completed in 2011.