葡萄牙不是地中海国家，然而，南方的罗马人和阿拉伯人曾经占领过它，并在这里留下了南方文化和生活方式的印记——追求私人生活与社会生活的平衡。Portugal is not a Mediterranean country, but the fact that it has been conquered bypeople from the south, Romans and Arabs, has left us with a southern culture and life style, where there is a balance between privacy and life in society.
阿维罗综合体是由银行业 基金会推出的一种复杂的 体系。该项目建造质量高，景观优越，旨在填补养老保障体系的空缺。The Alcabideche Social Complex is a housing complex promoted by the Funda??o Social do Quadro Bancário (Social Foundation for the Banking Sector), of high quality in terms of construction and landscape, which aims to help to fill a gap in the elderly support system.
Located in the metropolitan area of Lisbon, next to what was a clandestine urban area and rural fields, with a total construction area of approximately 10.000 m2, the Social Complex of Alcabideche aims to reconstitute a Mediterranean life style in which the outdoor spaces of streets, plazas and gardens are like an extension of the house itself.
This project, concluded in 2012, using a regular layout with a modulation of 7.5m, supports an edified structure of 52 houses and a support building.与麦地那市一样，街道设置了不同宽度，使房屋能在白天为行人提供遮阳保护，夜晚
房屋的灯光能为行人引路。As in a Medina the streets of different widths are reserved for pedestrians who enjoy the
protection of the shade provided by the houses by day and at night are guided by the light the houses give off.
The translucid roofs light up at the end of the day in groups of 10, alternately, over the area of the complex, subtly and evenly lighting up streets, plazas and gardens.A calm but cheerful atmosphere is created that allows users to circulate at night among the different levels and spaces of the complex without worries or constraints.
这些屋顶还有别的功能。如遇到紧急情况，住户可以启动警报通知中央大楼的控制台，这时候，盒状屋顶的灯光将从白色变成红色，向控制站发出警报。The roofs of the housing units also have other functions. In the event of an emergency,users can activate an alarm that alerts the control station located in the central building and the box-shaped roof’s light changes from white to red.
房屋内部的环境平衡通过屋顶白盒反射阳光，以及白色屋顶和混凝面层之间空气垫的热缓冲效应来实现的。中央大楼依照同样的模板和原则建造的，里面提供所有日常生活和工作所需的公共服务。Lastly the environmental balance inside the houses is due to the white box of the roof’s ability to reflect light and the thermal efficiency of the cushion of air created between the roof and the habitable area on the base of exposed concrete.The central building, within the same modelling and principles, contains all of the common services necessary for proper functioning and quality of living.
The concern to recycle natural resources was also reflected in the use of water from a groundwater source, which appeared when the foundations were being dug, for irrigating the green areas and washing the roads and pavements, thereby also helping to reduce the cost of running the complex.
Location of the Works: Alcabideche, Cascais, Portugal
Area of the Plot: 12876m2
Total construction area – 9956m2
Area of each housing unit: 53m2
Total Area of Housing Units: 2.756m2
Area of the Main Building: above ground – 2700m2
below ground – 4500m2
total – 7200m2
Promoter: Funda??o Social do Quadro Bancário
Architecture Design: Guedes Cruz Arquitectos – José Guedes Cruz, César Marques,
Marco Martinez Marinho
Architecture Collaborators: Patrícia Maria Matos, Nelson Aranha, Tiago Rebelo, Jo?o
Sim?es, Isabel Granes
Special installations: Espa?o Energia
Landscape Architecture: Paula Botas
Construction Consortium: FDO + JOFEBAR
Photography ? Ricardo Oliveira Alves
项目来源: Guedes Cruz Architecs