Architects: Dietger Wissounig Architekten
Location: Graz, Austria
Photographs: Paul Ott
From the architect. This two-floor nursing home on the grounds of the old Hummelkaserne barracks stands in a part of the city with diverse urban surrounding. The home is compact and square-shaped with asymmetrical cut-outs serving to divide the house into its spatial concept of eight housing communities, four on each floor. These are grouped around a central “village square” which stretches from one side of the first floor through to the other and is partly covered by a roof terrace. At right angles to this open public axis, two gardens just for the residents cut into the building. Further open spaces include the four atria on the second floor as well as direct access to the public park planned by the City of Graz to the east of the premises.
引自这所两层楼的疗养院建在旧Hummelkaserne兵营的场址上，周边有着丰富的城市环境。疗养院被设计为很紧凑的正方形，内部空间设计并不对称，共有八个 师。 小区，每层楼四个。这些 小区围绕着一个中心活动区域修建，中心活动区域修建在一楼，从一边一直延伸到另一边，中心区域部分地方覆盖屋顶平台。在与这个敞开公共区域轴线垂直的地方，有两个为居民修建的花园。二楼有四个中庭，疗养院东边可以直接通往格拉茨城市规划的公园。
Each housing community consists of rooms, a kitchen and a dining area for 13 residents and a carer, generating a manageable and familiar atmosphere. Large balconies and loggias, as well as a variety of paths and views through to other parts of the house provide a stimulating environment. Each community was developed around a different color concept in order to help residents to better orient themselves. The rooms vary slightly in relation to location and the direction they face, but each room has a casement window and a larger window with a low, heated parapet which can serve as a seat. The care rooms are centrally located within the building, ensuring that they are only a short distance away for everyone and that the home can operate efficiently.
Thanks to a meticulously planned fire safety concept with appropriate compensatory measures, the nursing home could be constructed as a pre-fabricated passive house wooden construction with a basement. A wooden frame construction with cross laminated timber and wooden beams was used to meet the static and structural demands of the building. The outer facade is of untreated Austrian larch, while much of the wooden paneling used for the interior is also left visible. The characteristics of the wood, the variety of views, the range of seating and lounges in the house and in the garden, as well as the contrasting sunny and shaded areas all contribute to the comfortable and friendly ambience of the home.
Building materials and construction
The two upper floors of the building are entirely wooden structures apart from the main stairway. Cross laminated timber in the walls and ceiling form the load-bearing construction, with the wooden surfaces remaining visible for the most part. In order to achieve the cozy yet spacious atmosphere, timber beams were used for the ceilings of the common rooms. The outer walls are formed by a wooden frame insulated with rock wool, with external wooden paneling.